*Extrasolar planets: astronomers directly imaged 2 exoplanet systems, found the lightest exoplanet yet orbiting a normal star, two planets were found to orbit their stars backwards, the first exoplanet in another galaxy may be detected and Kepler space telescope started it’s mission.
*The last repair mission of famuos Hubble space telescope.
*Moon fleet: USA, China, India and Japan send missions to the Moon. NASA won the rase – Lunar Reconnaistance Orbiter found water.
*According to images taken by NASA’s Phoenix lander, Mars may host liquid water.
*New conformations of dark energy’s existence. Researchers studied how the growth of galaxy clusters has slowed in the past 5 billion years.
*Fermi space telespoce (launched in 2008) has found a lot of high-energy objects in the sky (there are 1000 of them konwn already). Fermi scans entire sky in 3 hours looking for rapidly changing sources!
*Mystyrious object on July 19 has crashed into Jupiter and exploded in its clouds to create the black spot.
*New stars are forming near the Milky Way’s central black hole.
*The most distant blast was recorded: on April 23 witnessed gamma ray burst occured when the universe was just 630 million years old.
*On May 14, the European Space Agency (ESA) launched 2 space telescopes: Planck will study the cosmic microwave background, the relic radiation left over from the universe’s birth in the Big Bang, Herschel will explore the infrared cosmos using a 3.5-meter mirror, the largest ever lofted into space.
*Samples of Comet Wild 2 returned to Earth show the presence of the amino acid glycine. This discovery supports the theory that some of life’s ingredients formed in space and were delivered to Earth.
*After the first ever collision of two satellites (a defunct Russian Cosmos 2251 satellite and US Iridium 33) more than 1500 new pieces of space junk larger than 10 centimetres were created.